Acellular Consisting of one cell
ADC Analogue-to-Digital Converter. Converts an analogue voltage waveform into digital numbers which can be manipulated numerically

Continuously varying physical quantity (e.g. the voltage of an electrical signal)

Digital Discrete signals are used to represent continuous signals in the form of numbers (e.g. 101110011 instead of being represented by a continuously varying voltage)
Digitization Convert a continuously varying quantity (e.g. signal voltage) into a series of numbers.

Fields (e.g. radio waves) produced by electrical equipment.


Process of “locking” data using secret information so that it can only be deciphered by an authorized recipient who is in possession of the appropriate secret “key”.

Flagellum Long tail-like structure associated with swarm cells and used for locomotion.
Fruiting body Spore producing organ.
JPEG International standard for coding still pictures. Developed by Joint Photographic Experts Group.
Modulation Superimpose the amplitude, frequency or phase of a signal onto another signal.
MPEG Widely-used video compression standard. Developed by Motion Pictures Experts Group.
Non-Linear Device or process in which the output is not directly proportional to the input.
Power The rate at which electrical energy is fed in/out from system. Often expressed in Watts (W) or milliWatts (mW).

Radio Frequency (usually in range 10 kHz to 300 GHz)

Sclerotium Hardened, dormant structure that slime can turn into under harsh environmental conditions.
Spore Unit of reproduction produced by fruiting body.
Stalk Structure of body that elevates from mass.